by Janna Champagne, RN, BSN
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant, and it boasts the broadest therapeutic potential of any other component (1). CBD is widely known for its vast array of medicinal uses, including relief of anxiety, nausea/vomiting, mental health disorders, inflammation, cancer, AND...(drumroll please)...CBD kills infectious organisms (2). These facts, combined with CBD being readily available to purchase anywhere in the US (and many other countries), makes supplementation an excellent treatment option for many conditions.
But there's a catch! Caution is warranted when administering CBD for Autism or related immune or infectious diseases, and considerations are necessary or CBD may actually result in the opposite of the desired effect. Imagine taking CBD and expecting symptom relief, and instead having it worsen illness symptoms! Being a professional cannabis dosing nurse with Autism as one area of specialty, I have witnessed this very reaction on many occasions. Curiosity prompted me to further research this phenomenon, and now I'm sharing my theory and solutions below.
Fact #1: A major underlying factor for MOST kids with Autism and related immune disorders is chronic infections (3). Chronic infections result from a combination of factors commonly underlying in Autism, including endocannabinoid deficiency (4), which can contribute to the immune dysfunction that facilitates the presence of chronic infections.
Fact #2: CBD is the most powerful anti-microbial component in cannabis, making it a very therapeutic intervention for killing infections (5). CBD is especially helpful for remedying immune and infection-related disorders, because killing infections lowers the overall infectious load. This is a critically important step to recover a struggling immune system from it's chronic state of overwhelm, as seen in Autism and related immune disorders.
Fact #3: Another phenomenon supporting the potential for therapeutic benefit of CBD is research exemplifying an increase in production of CB2 (Cannabis-specific) receptors in the bodies of those with Autism. So the Endocannabinoid Systems of those with Autism are literally begging for cannabis supplementation (6). Pretty exciting stuff to this cannabis nerd!
So what's the problem with giving CBD to someone with Autism or chronic infections? It's not so much a problem per se. It's the conditions that exist, which if not taken into consideration, may result in worsening of symptoms. Basically, giving CBD as a first-step intervention without taking any of the appropriate precautions is the equivalent of feeding a starving person Thanksgiving for their very first meal. It's going to overwhelm their system and make them feel worse!
One possible issue that arises from giving CBD to a patient with Autism or chronic infections is the die-off effect, also known as a Herxheimer reaction. Die-off occurs when harmful infections are killed, upon which their cell wall ruptures and they release an influx of toxins into the body. Of course, the actual killing of harmful infections is a positive therapeutic action.
BUT with Autism and related immune disorders, die-off may increase illness symptoms when:
1. CBD is dosed too aggressively (detox can't keep up with die-off)
2: CBD is given without prior optimization of the detoxification pathways.
Without effective detoxification, die-off toxins add significantly to the already high levels of toxins found in those with ASD (7). A Herxheimer reaction is known to increase symptom severity, which in Autism often presents as a spike in behaviors (especially in those with impaired communication abilities).
Those who do not understand Herxheimer reactions may incorrectly blame CBD or cannabis for the symptom exacerbation, when the issue is actually caused by inefficient detoxification. The good news is that detox efficacy can be supported through a variety of interventions, including epson salt baths and activated charcoal administration (8) along with nutrigenomic interventions to optimize the body's own detoxification pathways. That brings me to another contributing aspect.
Fact #4: Most children with Autism (70-80%) have mthfr genetic mutations, which impair glutathione production, so they lack what is arguably the most important antioxidant in the human body (9). Glutathione deficiency alters many areas of health, with one major impact being decreased ability to detoxify and clear toxins effectively. So if nutrigenomic detox pathway optimization isn't completed, combined with a CBD-triggered increase in toxic load from die-off, then boom: Herxheimer misery. This is best described as feeling like a severe flu, and in some cases the severity may require seeking medical attention...no wonder we see a spike in Autism behaviors!
In summary, CBD has considerable therapeutic potential as an intervention for Autism and related immune disorders, but I recommend taking special consideration of the patient's detoxification status before starting CBD supplementation. This helps prevent a severe die-off reaction, and decreases the risk of an adverse event that may discourage use of cbd, however beneficial.
Of course, there are additional considerations, such as a CBD-rich strain's tendency to be more sativa dominant in terpene profile, which may also be problematic for some with Autism or anxiety. This exemplifies the need to work with a practitioner who views clients from a holistic perspective, and can individualize recommendations based on a broader view of the mechanisms involved. That's what holistic nurses do!
At Integrated Holistic Care, we offer help for those seeking support in managing therapeutic cannabis to treat Autism and related immune disorders and beyond. If you would like more information, or to schedule a consultation, please visit our website at: www.integratedholisticcare.com
1. J Nat Prod. 2008 Aug;71(8):1427-30. doi: 10.1021/np8002673. Epub 2008 Aug 6.
2. Zhornitsky S, Potvin S. Cannabidiol in Humans—The Quest for Therapeutic Targets. Pharmaceuticals. 2012;5(5):529-552. doi:10.3390/ph5050529.
3. Jepson, Bryan, and Jane Johnson. Changing the course of autism: A scientific approach for parents and physicians. Sentient Publications, 2007.
4. Siniscalco, D., Sapone, A., Giordano, C. et al. J Autism Dev Disord (2013) 43: 2686. doi:10.1007/s10803-013-1824-9
5. Lone, Tariq Ahmad, and Reyaz Ahmad Lone. "Extraction of cannabinoids from Cannabis sativa L. plant and its potential antimicrobial activity." Universal Journal of Medicine 1.4 (2012): 51-55.
6. Siniscalco, D., Sapone, A., Giordano, C. et al. J Autism Dev Disord (2013) 43: 2686. doi:10.1007/s10803-013-1824-9
7. Grandjean, Philippe et al. Neurobehavioural effects of developmental toxicity
The Lancet Neurology. 2014; 13(3): 330 - 338
8. Woeller, Curt MD. Autism Treatment: Herxheimer reactions and Autism. Website: http://autismrecoverytreatment.com/autism-treatment-%E2%80%93-herxheimer-reactions-and-autism/
9. Boris, Marvin, et al. "Association of MTHFR gene variants with autism." J Am Phys Surg 9.4 (2004): 106-8